Download E-books American Congo: The African American Freedom Struggle in the Delta PDF

By Nan Elizabeth Woodruff

In 1921, freedom fighter William Pickens defined the Mississippi River Valley because the "American Congo." Nan Woodruff argues that the African Congo less than Belgium's King Leopold II is an apt metaphor for the Delta of the early 20th century. either wore the face of technological know-how, progressivism, and benevolence, but have been underwritten via brutal exertions stipulations, violence, and terror. As within the Congo, she argues, the Delta all started with the promise of empire: U.S. capitalists in search of new customers cleared the enormous Delta swamps. With the next emergence of a prosperous planter type, the promise of untold riches, and a principally black exertions strength, the USA had its Congo.

Woodruff chronicles the next half-century of person and collective struggles as black sharecroppers fought to earn a simply go back for his or her exertions, to reside loose from terror, to possess estate, to have equivalent entry to the felony procedure, to maneuver at will, and to vote. They fought for citizenship not just of fellows, yet of ladies and households, and have been empowered through the wars and upheavals of the time. certainly, Woodruff argues, the civil rights circulation can't be correctly understood except those prior battles for freedom.

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