By W. Weidlich (auth.), Dirk Helbing, Hans J. Herrmann, Michael Schreckenberg, Dietrich E. Wolf (eds.)
"Are there universal phenomena and legislation within the dynamic habit of granular fabrics, site visitors, and socio-economic systems?" The solutions given on the foreign workshop "Traffic and Granular stream '99" are offered during this quantity. From a actual point of view, a majority of these structures will be handled as (self)-driven many-particle structures with robust fluctuations, exhibiting multistability, section transitions, non-linear waves, and so on. the good curiosity in those structures is because of a number of unforeseen new discoveries and their functional relevance for fixing a few basic difficulties of present day societies. This contains clever measures for site visitors circulate optimization and strategies from "econophysics" for stabilizing (stock) markets.