Dutch Reformed pastor Balthasar Bekker (1634-1698) has lengthy been famous as a key determine after all of the witchcraft persecutions in early smooth Europe. With the book of his enormous four-volume paintings the area Bewitched Bekker argued opposed to the temporal job of the satan and evil spirits in addition to opposed to the truth of witchcraft, sorcery, and spirit ownership. but Bekker's principles drew competition from Dutch Reformed monks who charged that his use of Cartesian philosophy to reject the temporal task of spirits threatened a lot of conventional non secular religion. This ebook argues that it was once Bekker's exegesis of biblical passages within which spirits and spirit task have been pointed out that was once a much higher risk than his Cartesian metaphysics to the literal interpretation of the Bible which used to be the highbrow cornerstone of Dutch reformed confessionalism, dominant within the church because the Synod of Dordrecht (1618-1619). With an exam of the tips of Bekker, his rivals and supporters, this ebook areas the talk worldwide Bewitched in the context of the Cartesian debates of the 17th century and the expansion of confessionalism in the Dutch Reformed church.
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