This survey of Czech and Slovak heritage lines the advance of 2 neighboring peoples throughout the production of a standard Czechoslovakian kingdom in 1918 to the founding of the self sustaining Czech and Slovak Republics in 1993 and beyond.
• short biographical sketches of many noteworthy Czechs and Slovaks during the ages
• A chronology of key occasions in Czech and Slovak background from prehistory to the current day
• A bibliographical essay on major normal works and historic monographs concerning Czech and Slovak history
Read or Download The History of the Czech Republic and Slovakia (The Greenwood Histories of the Modern Nations) PDF
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Extra resources for The History of the Czech Republic and Slovakia (The Greenwood Histories of the Modern Nations)
In 950, 14 years of clash with Otto I got here to an finish with Boleslav’s renewal of feudal bonds via a sworn oath of fealty to the Saxon ruler. In nice half, Boleslav’s popularity of his function as Otto’s vassal rested upon a method of booking his army forces for expansionist campaigns opposed to neighboring Silesia, Moravia, and Little Poland. The tribute and spoils of battle extracted from new territories have been necessary to the maintenance of the recent army retinue, that may now not another way draw sufficient assets from in the present borders of Bohemia. On August 10, 955, Boleslav I and his “great defend” joined the German king Otto I in turning again a Magyar invasion on the decisive conflict of Lechfeld, south of Augsburg. Czech horsemen, 1000 robust, participated within the fight alongside the Lech River. After their Origins and Medieval Legacies 39 defeat at Lechfeld, the remnants of the Magyar forces moved opposed to Bohemia, the place they have been defeated through Boleslav’s warriors. In 962, Pope John XII provided Otto with the imperial crown in an occasion that marked the start of the medieval Holy Roman Empire. Bohemia grew to become one of many lands of the empire, even supposing the emperor by no means held land there or exercised direct authority over the Czech lands. Having safe Moravia opposed to additional Magyar incursions, Boleslav then introduced campaigns resulting in the purchase of higher Silesia and Małopolska (Little Poland). cautious of starting to be Polish strength to the north, Boleslav negotiated the wedding of his daughter Dubrawka to Mieszko I, the Piast duke of Poland. Mieszko then switched over to Christianity the yr after his marriage, therefore linking Poland to the Christian West. by way of the top of Boleslav’s reign, Prˇemyslid conquests had included into the Bohemian nation new territories from northern Moravia and areas of Slovakia to Cracow and additional east to the computer virus River and the border with Kievan Russia. After Boleslav’s loss of life in 972, his son succeeded him as Boleslav II (Boleslav the Pious, r. 972–999). almost immediately after his accession as duke of Bohemia, Boleslav II effectively separated Bohemia from the direct authority of the German clergy in Regensburg by way of convincing the pope to set up the 1st Bohemian bishopric in Prague. With the help of the Holy Roman Emperor Otto II, the diocese of Prague was once positioned below the authority of the archbishop of Mainz. Boleslav and his sister Mlada´ additionally persuaded the Holy See in Rome to set up the Convent of St. George, the 1st convent in Bohemia, close to the royal palace in 973. Mlada´ later grew to become the 1st abbess of the Benedictine convent and St. George’s Basilica turned the guts of the cult of St. Ludmila. even if the authority of the clergy in Regensburg have been curtailed in regard to Prague, the impression of overseas clerics had now not thoroughly disappeared, as evidenced by means of the appointment of a Saxon, Thietmar (Deˇtmar), as bishop in Prague. Even within the lesser ranks, the Bohemian clergy would come with foreigners for an extended time period, with Germans and different non-Czechs dominating the better church workplaces till the center of the eleventh century.